Sarah Pavis

Posts tagged greader

Bayer Coined the Name “Heroin” and Marketed it as Cough Medicine

↪ from Today I Found Out

Today I found out the pharmaceutical company Bayer coined the name “Heroin” and marketed the drug as a non-addictive cough medicine, among other uses.

While opium itself has been commonly used since at least 3400 BC, heroin is a relatively new invention, derived from opium.  Heroin, more technically known as diacetylmorphine, was first synthesized in 1874 by chemist Charles Romley Alder Wright, working at St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London, England.  He discovered the drug after playing around with mixing morphine with various acids.  Specifically, he created it after boiling acetic anhydride with anhydrous morphine alkaloid for a few hours, which resulted in what we now commonly call heroin.  After running a few experiments with it on animals, though, he abandoned his work on the drug.

Twenty three years later, a man named Felix Hoffman, working at Bayer, in Germany, managed to independently synthesize Heroin when he was trying to produce codeine.  This new derivative of opium was found to be significantly more potent than morphine and so Heinrich Dreser, head of the pharmacological laboratory at Bayer, decided they should move forward with it, rather than another drug they had recently created (Aspirin).

Continued →

Filed under greader

Text Messages From a Ghost

↪ from The Hairpin

October 14th
hey im gaunting you ok
Do you mean haunting
yeah sorry i don’t have any fingers
so im poltergeisting a stick to help me text this
Who is this?
oh sorry im a ghost
So do you live inside this phone
yeah kind of

October 21st
sorry if last night was pretty loud
some other ghosts came over last night and we fought
we used to be roommates
they weren’t good roommates
I’m sorry
no no it’s okay
I mean its really nice of you to care
I really like haunting you a lot
Don’t you mean “gaunting”
hahaha you remembered


Filed under greader

Ever heard about Sweden’s “Buy American” Policy? (Apr, 1965)

↪ from Modern Mechanix

Ever heard about Sweden’s “Buy American” Policy?

Swedes like American products. In fact they like them so well that they buy nearly $50 worth a year for every man, woman and youngster. Per capita, few nations can match Sweden as a U.S. customer. * Buying American is typical of Sweden’s commercial outlook. Each year Swedes buy increasing millions on millions of dollars worth of U.S. goods. Everything from machinery to fruits, from fuels to automobiles, from chemicals to tobacco. But Sweden must also go to other countries to find the sophisticated products and materials she needs. In fact, international trade is the lifeblood of Sweden’s economy. * To help keep her industries keen, her standard of living the highest in Europe, and her unemployment virtually nil, Sweden’s tariff level is one of the world’s lowest. Yet imports are only half the story. Sweden also has to sell. She must expand her markets

for heavy equipment, automobiles, ships, forest products, ore and special steels, adding machines, rock drills and the scores of other products in which Swedish industry excels. * Today Sweden exports close to one quarter of her total production, and sends nearly 80 per cent to her Scandinavian neighbors and Europe. She gets a similar per cent of her imports from those same countries. But the balance of trade with the United States hasn’t been quite so fortunate. While each Swede buys an average of $50 worth of U.S. goods a year, each American buys only about $1 worth of Sweden’s products. * What’s Sweden’s reaction? To work even harder to offer America the very best in design, quality and service so that Sweden can buy even more American.

MEET MODERN SWEDEN, 8 East 69th Street, New York.

Filed under greader

Ten-year-old discovers new energy-storing molecule by accident

↪ from Grist

By Jess Zimmerman

Fifth-grader Clara Lazen was just messing around with a molecule modeling kit in class, trying to construct a stable molecule that followed basic chemistry rules. What she ended up with was a completely novel molecular structure, and a co-author credit in the resulting journal article. Man, what were YOU discovering when you were ten? Masturbation and Faith No More?

What’s extra-rad about Lazen’s discovery is that the molecule, if it can be synthesized, has the potential to store energy and could possibly be used to make a new kind of battery. Or, you know, it could explode, which is maybe less useful BUT MAYBE JUST AS USEFUL and certainly cooler to a ten-year-old. (I’m not just guessing about that. In this news video, Lazen is kind of excited about the military applications of her molecule.)

Filed under greader

Mythologizing the Dredge Boaters

↪ from Pruned

Dredge Boaters

Once the cities established their beachheads, the dredge boaters and their mud-suckers entered the soft, defenseless womb-belly of the Great Dismal Swamp.

There was an Empire to be made.

Dredge Boaters

Some began on the margins, gnawing away at the neither solid nor liquid surface, leaving an alien grid of ditches and canals, by which the wetlands were sucked dry. Others were dropped in the middle of the marshy wilderness, carrying planks of timber, bushels of coal, and the iron marvels of nascent modernity, all assembled together at the gooey center before cutting their escape routes.

Continued →

Filed under greader